What is ABA?
Applied Behavioral Analysis, or ABA, is a science-based approach to learning and behavior. There are numerous ways ABA is used in everyday life in order to bring about positive change; however, the most common application is to assist children with autism and other related developmental needs. The U.S. Surgeon General has determined ABA to be an evidence based treatment with over 30 years of scientific research to support it’s effectiveness in reducing inappropriate behaviors as well as increasing functional skills. ABA breaks down the complexity of behavior to determine how changes in the environment can increase or decrease a target behavior. This approach is used to increase language, social, and functional skills as well as improve attention, academics and focus.
How is ABA different?
ABA is different than other therapies because it:
Focuses on why behavior is occurring
Determines how an individual is learning
Can take place in one to one and group settings
Develops interventions and changes in treatment cased on objective data
Takes places in all environments, including homes, school, and community
Individualized goals based ongoing assessment
Teaches skills that are useful for everyday life
Builds a foundation so learning becomes easier over time
ABA uses variety of research-based strategies to achieve success. The overall process includes:
Assessing behaviors that are barriers to learning to determine why they occur
Assessing skills area that need to be increased
Setting clear goals that are broken down into achievable steps
Using positive reinforcement to increase desired behavior
Decreasing or removing the motivation to engage in dangerous and disruptive behaviors
Monitoring progress through the data collected on each goal
Training others to implement the strategies to maximize success
ABA programs are created and monitored by Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs). Programs are often implemented by Registered Behavior Technicians (RBTs). These individuals are held to high professional and ethical standards by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. To maintain their credentials, BCBAs are required to stay updated on the latest science and obtain continuing education each year. RBTs must receive ongoing supervision and demonstrate competency each year.
Please visit bacb.com in order to learn more about the requirements that our credentialed providers adhere to.